Spirituality and the social enterprise: A paradox lens

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter theorizes spirituality in the social enterprise through a paradox lens. It discusses how: (1) social enterprises are different but potentially incorporate a strong spiritual dimension; (2) because of organizational differences, spirituality manifests in different ways in different types of social organizations (e.g., the spiritual dimension of a B-Corp is more conceptual, an idea, whereas in a community organization, it is direct, almost palpable); (3) expressions of organizational spirituality may have a paradoxical component. We defend that, for these reasons, the management of social enterprises incorporates a consideration of the spiritual dimension as well as of the paradoxes that emerge from tackling the spiritual (mission-based) and pragmatic (commerce-based) logics that are involved. Social enterprises are possibly more affected by denser nets of competing demands – which turns them into valuable sources of learning for other companies regarding how to live with paradox.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSocial Innovation and Social Enterprises
EditorsA. Vaccaro, T. Ramus
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer, Cham
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-96596-9
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-96595-2
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2022

Publication series

NameSocial Innovation and Social Enterprises
ISSN (Print)0925-6733
ISSN (Electronic)2215-1680


  • Spirituality
  • Paradoxes
  • Social enterprises


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