Sorption of fluorinated greenhouse gases in silica-supported fluorinated ionic liquids

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Abstract

The Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol limits the global use of fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases) and encourages the development of a new generation of refrigerants with lower global warming potential. Therefore, there is a need to develop efficient and sustainable technologies to selectively capture and recycle the F-gases as new environmentally sustainable refrigerants. Here, ionic liquids (ILs) with high F-gas uptake capacity and selectivity were supported on silica and their potential as media for selective F-gas sorption was studied. For this purpose single-component sorption equilibria of difluoromethane (R-32), pentafluoroethane (R-125), and 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (R-134a) were measured at 303.15 K by gravimetry. The sorption data were successfully correlated using classical models of sorption thermodynamics. The results show that the IL supported in the porous volume and on the external surface of the porous silica controls the F-gas uptake in the composites and that changing the IL's cations and anions allows fine-tuning the selectivity of the sorption process. This work brings crucial knowledge for the development of new materials based on ILs for the selective sorption of F-gases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108580
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Fluorinated compounds
  • Porous solid materials
  • Refrigerants
  • Separation
  • Solubilization

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