Solvothermal synthesis of gallium-indium-zinc-oxide nanoparticles for electrolyte-gated transistors

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23 Citations (Scopus)


Solution-processed field-effect transistors are strategic building blocks when considering low-cost sustainable flexible electronics. Nevertheless, some challenges (e.g., processing temperature, reliability, reproducibility in large areas, and cost effectiveness) are requirements that must be surpassed in order to achieve high-performance transistors. The present work reports electrolyte-gated transistors using as channel layer gallium-indium-zinc-oxide nanoparticles produced by solvothermal synthesis combined with a solid-state electrolyte based on aqueous dispersions of vinyl acetate stabilized with cellulose derivatives, acrylic acid ester in styrene and lithium perchlorate. The devices fabricated using this approach display a ION/IOFF up to 1 × 106, threshold voltage (VTh) of 0.3-1.9 V, and mobility up to 1 cm2/(V s), as a function of gallium-indium-zinc-oxide ink formulation and two different annealing temperatures. These results validates the usage of electrolyte-gated transistors as a viable and promising alternative for nanoparticle based semiconductor devices as the electrolyte improves the interface and promotes a more efficient step coverage of the channel layer, reducing the operating voltage when compared with conventional dielectrics gating. Moreover, it is shown that by controlling the applied gate potential, the operation mechanism of the electrolyte-gated transistors can be modified from electric double layer to electrochemical doping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)638-646
Number of pages9
JournalAcs Applied Materials & Interfaces
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jan 2015


  • electric double layer
  • electrochemical
  • electrolyte-gated transistor
  • GIZO nanoparticles
  • solvothermal synthesis


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