High-k alkaline lithium oxide (LiOx) thin films are fabricated by spin-coating method. The LiOx thin films are annealed at different temperatures and characterized by various techniques. An optimized LiOx dielectric is achieved at an annealing temperature of 300 °C and exhibits wide bandgap of ≈5.5 eV, smooth surface, relatively permittivity of ≈6.7, and low leakage current density. The as-fabricated LiOx thin films are integrated, as gate dielectrics, in both n-channel indium oxide (In2O3) and p-channel cupric oxide (CuO) transistors. The optimized In2O3/LiOx thin-film transistor (TFT) exhibits high performance and high stability, such as Ion/Ioff of 107, electron mobility of 5.69 cm2 V−1 s−1, subthreshold swing of 70 mV dec−1, negligible hysteresis, and threshold voltage shift of 0.1 V under bias stress for 1.5 h. Meanwhile, the p-channel CuO TFT based on LiOx dielectric shows high Ion/Ioff of 105 and hole mobility of 1.72 cm2 V−1 s−1. All the electrical performances are achieved at an ultra-low operating voltage of 2 V. Considering the simple procedure, the moderate annealing temperature, and the low power consumption merits, these outstanding characteristics represent a significant advance toward the development of battery compatible and portable electronics.
- high-k dielectrics
- low operation voltage
- low-temperature solution processing
- p-type cupric oxides
- thin-film transistors