Soldados y mujeres indígenas en la Amazonía portuguesa: (Rio Negro, mediados del siglo XVIII)

Translated title of the contribution: Soldiers and Native Women in the Portuguese Amazon: (Rio Negro, Mid-18th Century)

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Abstract

La corona portuguesa aplicó una serie de políticas a mediados del siglo XVIII para facilitar la integración de los indígenas amazónicos en la sociedad colonial. Entre esas medidas se encontraba el incentivo de los matrimonios entre “blancos” e indígenas. A pesar de ciertas reticencias iniciales, muchos soldados destacados en las regiones de frontera optaron por estos matrimonios. Sin embargo, continuó existiendo un amplio abanico de relaciones informales interétnicas entre hombres y mujeres. En este artículo exploramos varios casos ocurridos en el Rio Negro con la finalidad de analizar las agencias y resistencias de soldados y mujeres indígenas, así como la pluralidad de formas que adoptaron sus interacciones. La reconstrucción de sus itinerarios personales, conectados alrededor de la fortaleza del Rio Negro en la década de 1760, es posible gracias al análisis de fuentes inéditas producidas en aquella misma región y disponibles en el Arquivo Público do Estado do Pará (APEP).
From the mid-18th century, the Portuguese crown issued a set of policies that were designed to ease the integration of Amazonian indigenous populations into colonial society. Among these policies, marriage between “white” and indigenous people was to be promoted. Despite early reluctances, many of the soldiers at the frontier opted to marry native women. However, a complicated set of informal interethnic relationships between men and women continued to exist in the region. In this article we reconstruct a number of cases reported in the Rio Negro area, with the aim of analyzing the agency and resistance of both soldiers and native women, as well as the diversity of their social interactions. The reenactment of their personal trajectories, unfolding around the fortress of Rio Negro in the decade of 1760, is made possible through the analysis of unpublished sources produced in the region and are currently archived in the Arquivo Público do Estado do Pará (APEP).
Translated title of the contributionSoldiers and Native Women in the Portuguese Amazon: (Rio Negro, Mid-18th Century)
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)379-412
Number of pages34
JournalVaria Historia
Volume38
Issue number77
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Amazonia
  • Directory
  • frontiers
  • Directorio
  • Fronteras

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