Solar-pumped TEM00 mode laser simple design with a grooved Nd:YAG rod

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A simple high-brightness TEM00 mode solar laser design with a grooved Nd:YAG rod pumped through a heliostat-parabolic mirror system is proposed here. A fused silica semi-cylindrical lens was combined with a 2V-shaped pumping cavity to provide efficient side-pumping along the grooved 1.0at.% Nd:YAG rod. Optimum pumping and laser beam parameters were found through ZEMAX and LASCAD numerical analysis. The proposed scheme offered a circularly symmetric and uniform absorption profile. Maximum TEM00 mode solar laser power of 25.5W was numerically achieved with a 3.5mm diameter grooved rod, corresponding to 8.5W/m2 collection efficiency. 17.1W laser beam brightness figure of merit was attained, being 4.3 times more than the previous record with TEM00 mode Nd:YAG solar laser, and 10,000 times higher than last year's result with a large grooved Nd:YAG rod. To validate the proposed pumping scheme, a solar laser prototype was built and firstly tested with a small-scale heliostat-parabolic mirror system of Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, producing 4.0W continuous-wave TEM00 mode solar laser power at 3.6W/m2 collection efficiency and 3.0W laser beam figure of merit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1325-1333
Number of pages9
JournalSolar Energy
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015


  • Grooved rod
  • Solar-pumped laser
  • TEM mode


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