Sociodemographic factors associated with oral health in 12-year-old adolescents

hygiene behaviours and health appointments: a cross-sectional national study in Portugal

Filipa Bombert, Ana Cristina Manso, Cristina Sousa Ferreira, Paulo Nogueira, Carla Nunes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterise the daily oral hygiene behaviours and the frequency of, and reasons for, oral health appointments, among 12-year-old adolescents in Portugal. We also investigated whether there were any associations between these behaviours and sociodemographic factors.

METHODS: We conducted an observational descriptive study based on 1,309 Portuguese adolescents from rural, peri-urban and urban populations. Data were drawn from the III National Prevalence Study of Oral Health Diseases. After descriptive analyses, binary logistic regression models were used.

RESULTS: In this study, 70.6% (n = 924) of adolescents reported that they brushed 'twice a day or more', and this behaviour was associated with all sociodemographic variables. Multivariate analysis revealed that male gender [odds ratio (OR) = 2.124; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.616-2.793], rural residence (OR = 1.647; 95% CI: 1.169-2.321), peri-urban residence (OR = 1.926; 95% CI: 1.319-2.812), low level of maternal educational (OR = 2.139; 95% CI: 1.446-3.164) and father's unemployment (OR = 1.671; 95% CI: 1.127-2.478) were associated with not brushing at least twice a day (P < 0.05). Approximately 94% (n = 1,217) of participants had already visited an oral health professional, and 74.5% (n = 860) did so in the last 12 months.

CONCLUSION: Our results are in agreement with the literature; the oral health behaviours of 12-year-old Portuguese adolescents can be regarded as satisfactory, although there are important variations across different subpopulations. The influence of sociodemographic factors suggests that tailored strategies must be developed for specific subpopulations, at both individual and community levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-335
JournalInternational dental journal
Volume68
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Adolescent Behavior
Portugal
Oral Health
Hygiene
Appointments and Schedules
Cross-Sectional Studies
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Mouth Diseases
Logistic Models
Urban Population
Unemployment
Oral Hygiene
Health Behavior
Fathers
Observational Studies
Multivariate Analysis
Mothers
Adolescent Health

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Cite this

@article{d0b405b2996a4272a67a026e6b89246e,
title = "Sociodemographic factors associated with oral health in 12-year-old adolescents: hygiene behaviours and health appointments: a cross-sectional national study in Portugal",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterise the daily oral hygiene behaviours and the frequency of, and reasons for, oral health appointments, among 12-year-old adolescents in Portugal. We also investigated whether there were any associations between these behaviours and sociodemographic factors.METHODS: We conducted an observational descriptive study based on 1,309 Portuguese adolescents from rural, peri-urban and urban populations. Data were drawn from the III National Prevalence Study of Oral Health Diseases. After descriptive analyses, binary logistic regression models were used.RESULTS: In this study, 70.6{\%} (n = 924) of adolescents reported that they brushed 'twice a day or more', and this behaviour was associated with all sociodemographic variables. Multivariate analysis revealed that male gender [odds ratio (OR) = 2.124; 95{\%} confidence interval (95{\%} CI): 1.616-2.793], rural residence (OR = 1.647; 95{\%} CI: 1.169-2.321), peri-urban residence (OR = 1.926; 95{\%} CI: 1.319-2.812), low level of maternal educational (OR = 2.139; 95{\%} CI: 1.446-3.164) and father's unemployment (OR = 1.671; 95{\%} CI: 1.127-2.478) were associated with not brushing at least twice a day (P < 0.05). Approximately 94{\%} (n = 1,217) of participants had already visited an oral health professional, and 74.5{\%} (n = 860) did so in the last 12 months.CONCLUSION: Our results are in agreement with the literature; the oral health behaviours of 12-year-old Portuguese adolescents can be regarded as satisfactory, although there are important variations across different subpopulations. The influence of sociodemographic factors suggests that tailored strategies must be developed for specific subpopulations, at both individual and community levels.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Filipa Bombert and Manso, {Ana Cristina} and {Sousa Ferreira}, Cristina and Paulo Nogueira and Carla Nunes",
note = "{\circledC} 2018 FDI World Dental Federation.",
year = "2018",
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Sociodemographic factors associated with oral health in 12-year-old adolescents : hygiene behaviours and health appointments: a cross-sectional national study in Portugal. / Bombert, Filipa; Manso, Ana Cristina; Sousa Ferreira, Cristina; Nogueira, Paulo; Nunes, Carla.

In: International dental journal, Vol. 68, No. 5, 2018, p. 327-335.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sociodemographic factors associated with oral health in 12-year-old adolescents

T2 - hygiene behaviours and health appointments: a cross-sectional national study in Portugal

AU - Bombert, Filipa

AU - Manso, Ana Cristina

AU - Sousa Ferreira, Cristina

AU - Nogueira, Paulo

AU - Nunes, Carla

N1 - © 2018 FDI World Dental Federation.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterise the daily oral hygiene behaviours and the frequency of, and reasons for, oral health appointments, among 12-year-old adolescents in Portugal. We also investigated whether there were any associations between these behaviours and sociodemographic factors.METHODS: We conducted an observational descriptive study based on 1,309 Portuguese adolescents from rural, peri-urban and urban populations. Data were drawn from the III National Prevalence Study of Oral Health Diseases. After descriptive analyses, binary logistic regression models were used.RESULTS: In this study, 70.6% (n = 924) of adolescents reported that they brushed 'twice a day or more', and this behaviour was associated with all sociodemographic variables. Multivariate analysis revealed that male gender [odds ratio (OR) = 2.124; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.616-2.793], rural residence (OR = 1.647; 95% CI: 1.169-2.321), peri-urban residence (OR = 1.926; 95% CI: 1.319-2.812), low level of maternal educational (OR = 2.139; 95% CI: 1.446-3.164) and father's unemployment (OR = 1.671; 95% CI: 1.127-2.478) were associated with not brushing at least twice a day (P < 0.05). Approximately 94% (n = 1,217) of participants had already visited an oral health professional, and 74.5% (n = 860) did so in the last 12 months.CONCLUSION: Our results are in agreement with the literature; the oral health behaviours of 12-year-old Portuguese adolescents can be regarded as satisfactory, although there are important variations across different subpopulations. The influence of sociodemographic factors suggests that tailored strategies must be developed for specific subpopulations, at both individual and community levels.

AB - OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterise the daily oral hygiene behaviours and the frequency of, and reasons for, oral health appointments, among 12-year-old adolescents in Portugal. We also investigated whether there were any associations between these behaviours and sociodemographic factors.METHODS: We conducted an observational descriptive study based on 1,309 Portuguese adolescents from rural, peri-urban and urban populations. Data were drawn from the III National Prevalence Study of Oral Health Diseases. After descriptive analyses, binary logistic regression models were used.RESULTS: In this study, 70.6% (n = 924) of adolescents reported that they brushed 'twice a day or more', and this behaviour was associated with all sociodemographic variables. Multivariate analysis revealed that male gender [odds ratio (OR) = 2.124; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.616-2.793], rural residence (OR = 1.647; 95% CI: 1.169-2.321), peri-urban residence (OR = 1.926; 95% CI: 1.319-2.812), low level of maternal educational (OR = 2.139; 95% CI: 1.446-3.164) and father's unemployment (OR = 1.671; 95% CI: 1.127-2.478) were associated with not brushing at least twice a day (P < 0.05). Approximately 94% (n = 1,217) of participants had already visited an oral health professional, and 74.5% (n = 860) did so in the last 12 months.CONCLUSION: Our results are in agreement with the literature; the oral health behaviours of 12-year-old Portuguese adolescents can be regarded as satisfactory, although there are important variations across different subpopulations. The influence of sociodemographic factors suggests that tailored strategies must be developed for specific subpopulations, at both individual and community levels.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1111/idj.12390

DO - 10.1111/idj.12390

M3 - Article

VL - 68

SP - 327

EP - 335

JO - International dental journal

JF - International dental journal

SN - 0020-6539

IS - 5

ER -