A assistência social nas ditaduras ibéricas: perspetivas sobre o Auxilio Social franquista e as Campanhas de Apoio aos Pobres no Inverno salazaristas

Translated title of the contribution: Social assistance in the Iberian dictatorships : perspectives on francoist Social Aid and salazarist Winter Support Campaigns for the Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Social policy constitutes a half-open door to the ide-ology of the Iberian dictatorial regimes. During the 1930s and 1940s, Salazar and Franco presented themselves to their respec-tive countries as a guarantee of a new political order, articula-ting the discourse around social issues. This article studies how the regimes, through the construction of social assistance, achieved some loyalty of the masses in return, due to their de-pendence on the State and, above all, due to its imposition. However, Salazarism and Francoism reserved a different rele-vance for their welfare policies.

A política social constitui-se numa porta entreaberta para ideário dos regimes ditatoriais ibéricos. No decurso dos anos de 1930 e 1940, Salazar e Franco apresentaram-se aos respetivos países como garantia de uma nova ordem política, articulando o discurso em torno das questões sociais. Este artigo estuda como os regimes, através da construção de uma assistência social, conseguiram alguma fidelização das massas em retorno, por dependência perante o Estado e, sobretudo, por imposição do mesmo. Contudo, Salazarismo e Franquismo reservaram diferente relevância para as suas políticas assistencialistas.
Translated title of the contributionSocial assistance in the Iberian dictatorships : perspectives on francoist Social Aid and salazarist Winter Support Campaigns for the Poor
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)80-102
Number of pages23
JournalTempo-Niteroi
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Social welfare
  • Salazar
  • Franco
  • Assistência social

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