Small but powerful: Light-emitting diodes for inactivation of Aspergillus species in real water matrices

Beatriz Reis Oliveira, M. T. Barreto Crespo, V. J. Pereira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study addressed the effectiveness of light emitting diodes to achieve inactivation of three different Aspergillus species (Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus terreus) in a real water matrix. Three single small ultraviolet-C diodes emitting light at two different wavelengths were tested: 255 nm that is similar to the wavelength emitted by low pressure mercury lamps and 265 nm that is closer to the maximum absorbance wavelength of DNA. The ultraviolet-C diodes emitting light at 265 nm were found to be more effective than the 255 nm, achieving 3-log, 1-log and 5-log inactivations of Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus terreus using less than 20 mJ/cm2 (13,97 mJ/cm2; 7,28 mJ/cm2; 19,74 mJ/cm2). The diodes have also affected the morphology of the fungal spores and increased the percentage of damaged and dead spores.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115108
JournalWater Research
Volume168
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Aspergillus species
  • Disinfection
  • Enzymatic activity
  • Light emitting diodes
  • Membrane permeability
  • Spores morphology

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