Skin Diseases in the Era of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy: A Retrospective Study of 534 Patients

Tan, Jennifer, Pina, Ana Flávia, João Borges - Costa

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9 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: With the increasing number of HIV-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the shift in their dermatologic profile becomes less characteristic of AIDS-defining illnesses. METHODS: Retrospective review of mucocutaneous pathology among patients seen at HIV-Dermatology Clinic from January 2009 to December 2013. RESULTS: Among 534 patients, there were 68.4% males and 31.6% females, with 8.7-year average duration of infection; 82.8% were receiving HAART. Kaposi sarcoma was the only relatively frequent AIDS-defining disease. Fungal and viral infections were common, with human papilloma virus (HPV) as the most frequent overall. Benign and premalignant tumors were associated with HAART and CD4 >200/mm3 ( P < .05). Psoriasis was prevalent among patients without HAART ( P < .05). Prurigo was associated with lower CD4 count ( P < .001). CONCLUSION: Patients receiving HAART are faced with chronic skin problems such as benign and premalignant tumors, and HPV infection adds to their neoplastic predisposition. Further research is recommended to develop protocols for treating psoriasis and screening for HPV-associated neoplasia among patients
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
VolumeVol. 17
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jan 2018


  • HIV
  • Skin diseases


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