This paper presents sixth-order fully differential active low pass RC and switched-capacitor (SC) filters using N-type IGZO thin-film transistors for flexible wearable continuous health monitoring systems. As a first step, a low-gain amplifier using a diode-connected load and a fully differential amplifier is designed with positive feedback based on capacitor bootstrapping. These amplifiers present a gain around 5.03 and 40 dB, respectively, whereas their respective GBW product are around 450 and 200 kHz. Then these amplifiers are employed to realize biquads, with which a sixth-order Sallen-Key low-pass RC and SC filters are implemented. The SC filter realized with low-gain DDA has shown a simulated THD of −30.9 dB, SFDR of 30.1 dB, and a power consumption of 456 μW. On the other hand, the SC filter presents a THD of −31.4 dB, SFDR of 32.2 dB, and a power consumption of 573 μW with high-gain differential difference amplifier (DDA) when a power supply of 10 V is used. Circuit simulations have been carried out in Cadence Virtuoso using in-house IGZO TFT models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-42
JournalInternational Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019


  • active RC filters
  • differential amplifier and health monitoring system
  • switched capacitor filters


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