Simulation of a parallel waveguide array structure suitable for interrogation scheme in a plasmonic biosensor

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Surface plasmon resonance sensors have emerged has one of the most suitable approaches for biosensing. A common approach consists of exciting the plasmons at the interface between a functionalized metal film and a sample medium containing the analyte. The propagation of the surface plasmon is highly dependent on changes of the refractive index of the surrounding environment thus providing a mechanism for sensing. The typical interrogation schemes are based on scanning over the wavelength or the incident angle to search for the resonance condition. These solutions require additional motor-driven rotation stages, prisms or other bulky components, introducing complexity which prevents the fabrication of fully on-chip devices. This work reports a simulation study of an amorphous silicon waveguide structure consisting of an array of parallel surface plasmon interferometers with different propagation lengths, each one comprising a thin layer of gold embedded into a-Si:H waveguide. The surface plasmon modes at the end of the plasmonic structure can interfere constructively or destructively depending on the refractive index of the analyte and the interferometer's length. The variation of the output intensity at the end of each element of the array provides a convenient interrogation scheme that is suitable for on-chip integration. In this paper we investigate this setup and analyze the output power at the end of the array as a function of the refractive index of the sampling medium. The setup is simulated and characterized by the eigenmode expansion method.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhysics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XXVIII
EditorsBernd Witzigmann, Marek Osinski, Yasuhiko Arakawa
PublisherSPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
ISBN (Electronic)9781510633117
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventPhysics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XXVIII 2020 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 3 Feb 20206 Feb 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
PublisherSPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume11274
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferencePhysics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XXVIII 2020
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period3/02/206/02/20

Keywords

  • array
  • interferometer
  • MMI
  • plasmonic sensor
  • waveguide

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