Shoreline response to a sandy nourishment in a wave-dominated coast using video monitoring

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Abstract

Beach nourishment is a soft engineering intervention that supplies sand to the shore, to increase the beach recreational area and to decrease coastal vulnerability to erosion. This study presents the preliminary evaluation of nourishment works performed at the high-energy wave-dominated Portuguese coast. The shoreline was adopted as a proxy to study beach evolution in response to nourishment and to wave forcing. To achieve this aim, images collected by a video monitoring system were used. A nourishment calendar was drawn up based on video screening, highlighting the different zones and phases where the works took place. Over the six-month monitoring period, a total amount of 25 video-derived shorelines were detected by both manual and automated procedures on video imagery. Nourishment works, realized in summer, enlarged the emerged beach extension by about 90mon average. During winter, the shoreline retreated about 50m due to wave forcing. Spatial analysis showed that the northern beach sector was more vulnerable and subject to erosion, as it is the downdrift side of the groin.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1632
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Beach
  • Erosion
  • Nearshore
  • Remote sensing
  • Sand

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