Shear-induced lamellar phase of an ionic liquid crystal at room temperature

M. H. Godinho, Carlos Cruz, Paulo Ivo C. Teixeira, A. J. Ferreira, Catarina Costa, P. S. Kulkarni, C. A. M. Afonso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The phase behaviour of a number of N-alkylimidazolium salts was studied using polarizing optical microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction. Two of these compounds exhibit lamellar mesophases at temperatures above 50°C. In these systems, the liquid crystalline behaviour may be induced at room temperature by shear. Sheared films of these materials, observed between crossed polarisers, have a morphology that is typical of (wet) liquid foams: they partition into dark domains separated by brighter (birefringent) walls, which are approximately arcs of circle and meet at "Plateau borders" with three or more sides. Where walls meet three at a time, they do so at approximately 120° angles. These patterns coarsen with time and both T1 and T2 processes have been observed, as in foams. The time evolution of domains is also consistent with von Neumann's law. We conjecture that the bright walls are regions of high concentration of defects produced by shear, and that the system is dominated by the interfacial tension between these walls and the uniform domains. The control of self-organised monodomains, as observed in these systems, is expected to play an important role in potential applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-107
Number of pages5
JournalLiquid Crystals
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2008

Keywords

  • Ionic liquid crystals
  • Lamellar phases
  • Liquid foams
  • Shear

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