Sex prediction based on mesiodistalwidth data in the Portuguese population

João Albernaz Neves, Nathalie Antunes-Ferreira, Vanessa Machado, João Botelho, Luís Proença, Alexandre Quintas, José João Mendes, Sintra Delgado

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Accurate sex prediction is a key step in creating a postmortem forensic profile as it excludes approximately half the population. It is our goal to develop a predictive model to establish sex through teeth mesiodistal widths in a Portuguese population. The pretreatment dental casts of 168 of Portuguese orthodontics subjects (59 males and 109 females) were included. Mesiodistal widths from right first molar to left first molar were measured on each pretreatment cast to the nearest 0.01 mm using a digital caliper. Overall, the mesiodistal widths of the upper and lower canines, premolars, and molars were found to be significantly different between females and males. Conversely, no significant differences between sexes were identified for incisors. A multivariate logistic regression model for sex prediction was developed and the teeth included in the final reduced model being the upper left canine (2.3), the lower right lateral incisor (4.2) and the lower right canine (4.3). There is a prevalence of sexual dimorphism in all teeth except the incisors. The canines present the most noticeable difference between sexes. The presented sex determination predictive model exhibits an overall correct classification of 75%, outperforming all available models for this purpose and therefore is a potential tool for forensic analysis in this population.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4156
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Sciences
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020


  • Dental measurements
  • Forensic dentistry
  • Portuguese population
  • Predictive model
  • Sex determination
  • Sexual dimorphism

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