Serum markers of B cell activation in pregnant women with atopic asthma

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Abstract

PROBLEM: As maternal atopy represents a risk factor for the development of atopy in offspring, we aimed to assess how pregnancy affects B cell activation markers in women with atopic asthma and whether they correlate with risk manifestations for allergy in newborns from mothers with atopic asthma.

METHOD OF STUDY: Pregnant women with atopic asthma (AP) in the third trimester of gestation and nonpregnant women with atopic asthma (ANP) were prospectively recruited and compared to respective healthy counterparts (HP and HNP). All pregnant women were also assessed during the postpartum period until 6 weeks after delivery (HP/PP and AP/PP). Newborns were clinically evaluated at the age of 6 months. Peripheral blood samples were taken from each woman at each time point. Soluble CD23 (sCD23), B cell activating factor (BAFF), IgA, IgG, IgM, kappa (κ) and lambda (λ) free light chains (FLC) were quantified in serum samples.

RESULTS: The AP group presented increased sCD23 (P <0.05) and BAFF (P <0.001) levels compared to the ANP group and even higher levels of sCD23 during the postpartum period (P <0.001). Moreover, the cut-offs of 6.74 g/L for IgG (sensitivity 90.9%, specificity 77.8%) and of 11.30 mg/L for λ FLC (sensitivity 81.8%, specificity 88.9%) in the AP group were predictive factors for the manifestation of allergy in their offspring.

CONCLUSIONS: After delivery, the dynamics of sCD23 and BAFF changed significantly in the AP group. Furthermore, we found novel predictive factors for allergy manifestations in the children of these women, with potential clinical application.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13414
Pages (from-to)e13414
JournalAmerican journal of reproductive immunology (New York, N.Y. : 1989)
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • allergy
  • asthma
  • B-cell activating factor
  • free light chain
  • immunoglobulins
  • postpartum
  • pregnancy
  • soluble CD23

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