Serr spectroelectrochemistry as a guide for rational design of dyp-based bioelectronics devices

Lidia Zuccarello, Catarina Barbosa, Edilson Galdino, Nikola Lončar, Célia M. Silveira, Marco W. Fraaije, Smilja Todorovic

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Abstract

Immobilised dye-decolorizing peroxidases (DyPs) are promising biocatalysts for the development of biotechnological devices such as biosensors for the detection of H2O2 . To this end, these enzymes have to preserve native, solution properties upon immobilisation on the electrode surface. In this work, DyPs from Cellulomonas bogoriensis (CboDyP), Streptomyces coelicolor (ScoDyP) and Thermobifida fusca (TfuDyP) are immobilised on biocompatible silver electrodes functionalized with alkanethiols. Their structural, redox and catalytic properties upon immobilisation are evaluated by surface-enhanced resonance Raman (SERR) spectroelectrochemistry and cyclic voltammetry. Among the studied electrode/DyP constructs, only CboDyP shows preserved native structure upon attachment to the electrode. However, a comparison of the redox potentials of the enzyme in solution and immobilised states reveals a large discrepancy, and the enzyme shows no electrocatalytic activity in the presence of H2O2 . While some immobilised DyPs outperform existing peroxidase-based biosensors, others fail to fulfil the essential requirements that guarantee their applicability in the im-mobilised state. The capacity of SERR spectroelectrochemistry for fast screening of the performance of immobilised heme enzymes places it in the front-line of experimental approaches that can advance the search for promising DyP candidates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7998
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume22
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • 3 generation biosensors
  • DyP
  • Immobilised enzymes
  • SERR spectroelectrochemistry

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