Serotypes and clonal diversity of streptococcus pneumoniae causing invasive disease in the Era of PCV13 in Catalonia, Spain

Eva Del Amo, Cristina Esteva, Susanna Hernandez-Bou, Carmen Galles, Marian Navarro, Goretti Sauca, Alvaro Diaz, Paula Gassiot, Carmina Marti, Nieves Larrosa, Pilar Ciruela, Mireia Jane, Raquel Sá-Leão, Carmen Muñoz-Almagro

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to study the serotypes and clonal diversity of pneumococci causing invasive pneumococcal disease in Catalonia, Spain, in the era of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13). In our region, this vaccine is only available in the private market and it is estimated a PCV13 vaccine coverage around 55% in children. A total of 1551 pneumococcal invasive isolates received between 2010 and 2013 in the Molecular Microbiology Department at Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Barcelona, were included. Fiftytwo serotypes and 249 clonal types-defined by MLST-were identified. The most common serotypes were serotype 1 (n = 182; 11.7%), 3 (n = 145; 9.3%), 19A (n = 137; 8.8%) and 7F (n = 122; 7.9%). Serotype 14 was the third most frequent serotype in children < 2 years (15 of 159 isolates). PCV7 serotypes maintained their proportion along the period of study, 16.6% in 2010 to 13.4%in 2013, whereas there was a significant proportional decrease in PCV13 serotypes, 65.3% in 2010 to 48.9%in 2013 (p<0.01). This decrease was mainly attributable to serotypes 19A and 7F. Serotype 12F achieved the third position in 2013 (n = 22, 6.4%). The most frequent clonal types found were ST306 (n = 154, 9.9%), ST191 (n = 111, 7.2%), ST989 (n = 85, 5.5%) and ST180 (n = 80, 5.2%). Despite their decrease, PCV13 serotypes continue to be a major cause of disease in Spain. These results emphasize the need for complete PCV13 vaccination.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0151125
JournalPlosOne
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016

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Del Amo, E., Esteva, C., Hernandez-Bou, S., Galles, C., Navarro, M., Sauca, G., ... Muñoz-Almagro, C. (2016). Serotypes and clonal diversity of streptococcus pneumoniae causing invasive disease in the Era of PCV13 in Catalonia, Spain. PlosOne, 11(3), [e0151125]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0151125