Sensitivity analysis in the optimization of analog active filters by applying the richardson extrapolation

Amin Sallem, Pedro Pereira

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The key step of the analog active filter design is the optimal selection of component values due to manufactured series (E12, E24, E48, E96 and E192). In this paper, four simulation-based metaheuristics are applied to optimize four active filters using commercials available ICs as building blocks. The emphasis of this work is applying Richardson extrapolation-based sensitivity analysis in the optimization process of analog active filters. Indeed, Richardson extrapolation technique facilitates the calculation of the partial derivatives for the sensitivity using the simulation-based evaluation, without an explicit mathematical expression. Viability and benefits of the sensitivity analysis are highlighted. Monte Carlo analysis is performed in order to investigate robustness of the proposed sensitivity analysis of the active filters in case of component value variations due to specified tolerances of manufactured series.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFocus on Swarm Intelligence Research and Applications
PublisherNova Science Publishers
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9781536124538
ISBN (Print)9781536124521
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • Analog active filters
  • Metaheuristics
  • Monte Carlo analysis
  • Richardson extrapolation
  • Sensitivity analysis
  • Simulation-based evaluation


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