Semi-Automated Analysis of Organelle Movement and Membrane Content: Understanding Rab-Motor Complex Transport Function

Alistair N Hume, MS Wilson , Dmitry S Ushakov, Michael A Ferenczi, Miguel C. Seabra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Organelle motility is an essential cellular function that is regulated by molecular motors, and their adaptors and activators. Here we established a new method that allows more direct investigation of the function of these peripheral membrane proteins in organelle motility than is possible by analysis of the organelle movement alone. This method uses multi-channel time-lapse microscopy to record the movement of organelles and associated fluorescent proteins, and automatic organelle tracking, to compare organelle movement parameters with the association of membrane proteins. This approach allowed large-scale, unbiased analysis of the contribution of organelle-associated proteins and cytoskeleton tracks in motility. Using this strategy, we addressed the role of membrane recruitment of Rab GTPases and effectors in organelle dynamics, using the melanosome as a model. We found that Rab27a and Rab32/38 were mainly recruited to sub-populations of slow-moving/static and fast-moving melanosomes, respectively. The correlation of Rab27a recruitment with slow movement/docking was dependent on the effector melanophilin. Meanwhile, using cytoskeleton-disrupting drugs, we observed that this speed: Rab content relationship corresponded to a decreased frequency of microtubule (MT)-based transport and an increased frequency of actin-dependent slow movement/docking. Overall, our data indicate the ability of Rab27a and effector recruitment to switch melanosomes from MT- to actin-based tethering and suggest that a network of Rab signalling may integrate melanosome biogenesis and transport.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1686-1701
Number of pages6
JournalTraffic
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Actin
  • Live-cell imaging
  • Melanophilin
  • Melanosome
  • Microtubule
  • Myosin VA
  • Rab GTPase

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