'Seeing them and hearing them': acoustic, olfactory and culinary landscapes in the Treatise of Land and People of Brazil (1583-1601), by Fernao Cardim

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The Tratados do Brasil (Treaties of Brazil), written between 1583 and 1601 by Father Fernao Cardim (c.1548-1625), provide the European reader with an image of the Brazilian fauna, flora and costumes of the indians in the late sixteenth century, as well as their interaction with European missionaries. The treaties and letters also represent the sound/smell and foodscapes that constitute the ethnographic show of Otherness revealed to the reader by the religious author, and this article deals with what the author heard (soundscapes), smelt (smellscapes) and savoured (foodscapes) in Brazil and also recreated to complement the different (visual) landscapes throughout his texts.

Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)161-181
Number of pages21
JournalRevista de História da Sociedade e da Cultura
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Fernao Cardim
  • Treaties of Brazil
  • Soundscape
  • smellscape
  • foodscape

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