Seeing the Unseen: The Role of Liquid Crystals in Gas-Sensing Technologies

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Abstract

Fast, real-time detection of gases and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is an emerging research field relevant to most aspects of modern society, from households to health facilities, industrial units, and military environments. Sensor features such as high sensitivity, selectivity, fast response, and low energy consumption are essential. Liquid crystal (LC)-based sensors fulfill these requirements due to their chemical diversity, inherent self-assembly potential, and reversible molecular order, resulting in tunable stimuli-responsive soft materials. Sensing platforms utilizing thermotropic uniaxial systems—nematic and smectic—that exploit not only interfacial phenomena, but also changes in the LC bulk, are demonstrated. Special focus is given to the different interaction mechanisms and tuned selectivity toward gas and VOC analytes. Furthermore, the different experimental methods used to transduce the presence of chemical analytes into macroscopic signals are discussed and detailed examples are provided. Future perspectives and trends in the field, in particular the opportunities for LC-based advanced materials in artificial olfaction, are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1902117
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • gas sensing
  • liquid crystals
  • self-assembly
  • soft functional materials
  • volatile organic compounds

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