Screening and Characterization of Multidrug-Resistant Enterobacterales among Hospitalized Patients in the African Archipelago of Cape Verde

Samanta Freire, Teresa Grilo, Maria Luísa Teixeira, Euclides Fernandes, Laurent Poirel, Marta Aires-de-Sousa

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate, for the first time, the occurrence and characteristics of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)- and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales in Cape Verde. A total of 98 inpatients hospitalized at Hospital Universitário Agostinho Neto were screened for rectal colonization. All ESBL- and carbapenemase-producing isolates were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility and characterized by multilocus sequence typing. Mating-out assay followed by PCR-based replicon typing were performed to characterize the plasmids harboring carbapenemase encoding genes. A large proportion of patients carried ESBL- or carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (56% and 6%, respectively). Among 93 ESBL-producing isolates, there were mainly Klebsiella pneumoniae (58%) and Escherichia coli (37%). Five different ESBLs were detected, with CTX-M-15 being highly predominant (92%). Six carbapenemase-producing isolates (five E. coli and one K. pneumoniae) were recovered, and all of the OXA-48-like type (four OXA-181, one OXA-48, and one OXA-244). The blaOXA-48 gene was located on an IncFI-type plasmid, the blaOXA-181 gene on IncFI or IncX3 plasmids, and the blaOXA-244 gene was found to be chromosomally located. The five carbapenemase-producing E. coli isolates belonged to five distinct sequence types. This study overall showed a very high prevalence of ESBL-producing Enterobacterales, as well as the emergence of carbapenemase producers in this hospital.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1426
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Africa
  • Cape Verde
  • Enterobacterales
  • ESBL
  • Escherichia coli
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae

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