Discursos de divulgação da ciência na imprensa escrita: o desastre de Fukushima nos jornais Correio da Manhã e Público

Translated title of the contribution: Science communication in the written press: the Fukushima disaster in the newspapers Correio da Manhã and Público

Research output: ThesisMaster's Thesis

Abstract

The dissemination of science is one of the valences of the teaching of Biology and Geology, so this study explores how this task is done by the media, as a privileged means of building attitudes and opinions about science in citizens, analyzing the particular case of the communication of the Fukushima disaster in the Portuguese written press. Based on a literature review on the topic, a review was made of what it is to communicate science, how this concern and profession arose, why and how to do it, with an emphasis on the participation of the media in this task. The literary review ended with the theme of risk mediation. 129 articles from the Correio da Manhã and Público newspapers were analyzed according to the discourse analysis methodology and two guided interviews were conducted with journalists from both newspapers, in order to complement the conclusions reached from the analysis of the journalistic articles and to elucidate some questions of interpretative nature. This investigation resulted in 5 main ideas: 1) the newspapers analyzed give different importance to science news, with the Público newspaper having a team dedicated to the topic and developing more and bigger articles 2) however, both reported essentially the same events and on the same dates , showing a dependence on news agencies; 3) the scientific content presented is often reduced to the indication of data or numbers to frame the event; but, in the most complete articles, both often use infographics and metaphors to facilitate public understanding; 4) the use of sensationalist language is visible in both newspapers, with preponderance for the newspaper Correio da Manhã 5) both newspapers transmit a predominantly positivist view of science, with the theme of nuclear energy not being properly contextualized or, in the case of Correio da Manhã, not to be discussed.
Translated title of the contributionScience communication in the written press: the Fukushima disaster in the newspapers Correio da Manhã and Público
Original languagePortuguese
QualificationMaster of Science
Awarding Institution
  • Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia (FCT)
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Correia de Freitas, João, Supervisor
Award date1 Jul 2013
Publisher
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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