Scanning the Industry 4.0: A Literature Review on Technologies for Manufacturing Systems

V. Alcácer, V. Cruz-Machado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

691 Citations (Scopus)


Industry 4.0 leads to the digitalization era. Everything is digital; business models, environments, production systems, machines, operators, products and services. It's all interconnected inside the digital scene with the corresponding virtual representation. The physical flows will be mapped on digital platforms in a continuous manner. On a higher level of automation, many systems and software are enabling factory communications with the latest trends of information and communication technologies leading to the state-of-the-art factory, not only inside but also outside factory, achieving all elements of the value chain on a real-time engagement. Everything is smart. This disruptive impact on manufacturing companies will allow the smart manufacturing ecosystem paradigm. Industry 4.0 is the turning point to the end of the conventional centralized applications. The Industry 4.0 environment is scanned on this paper, describing the so-called enabling technologies and systems over the manufacturing environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)899-919
JournalEngineering Science and Technology, an International Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019


  • Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS)
  • Enabling technologies
  • Frameworks
  • Industry 4.0
  • Smart Factory (SF)


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