Santuário de Nossa Senhora de Aires: Theatrum Sacrum

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This article is devoted to the study of the Nossa Senhora de Aires Sanctuary in Viana do Alentejo, Évora (Portugal). The religious motivations, which are inherent to popular piety, encouraged the institutionalization of the Marian cult in the sixteenth century. The growing affluence of pilgrims justified the replacement of the primitive hermitage for a new Sanctuary, built between 1743 and 1792. The plan was made by the Oratorian João Baptista who belonged to the Congregation of the Oratory in Estremoz. The aim is to understand the intentions that underline the construction
of the Sanctuary, framing it in the historical, cultural and artistic context of the time. João Baptista’s mystic and philosophical formation will also be taken into account in the architectural analysis, especially in the study of the centralized main chapel and the baldachin.
Original languagePortuguese
Title of host publicationEl Barroco
Subtitle of host publicationuniverso de experiencias
EditorsMaría del Amor Rodríguez Miranda, José Antonio Peinado Guzmán
Place of PublicationCórdoba
PublisherAsociación “Hurtado Izquierdo”
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)978-84-617-8397-7
ISBN (Print)978-84-617-8397-7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017


  • Architecture
  • Baldachin
  • Marian Devotion
  • Sanctuary
  • Spirituality
  • Popular Religiosity

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