Rules and personal changing.

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Even if Cavell admits the socio-political nature of rules, those who suffer political and social injustices see them as excluded and not represented from the rules of society. Consequently, since the existing rules neither represent them nor allow them to expose the political injustices, satisfying their claim of justice, persons are voiceless, unable to show how certain institutions are unfair. Persons’ recovery of their voice depends on a personal changing, understood as a miracle. Previous to a subjective judgment without rules, formulated in a conversation of justice, the personal changing seems to correspond to the private approach to rules depicted by Wittgenstein in Philosophical Investigations.
Although acknowledging the contribution of Cavell’s Wittgenstein exegesis to expose the existential issues underlying Wittgenstein’s philosophy, as well as his original interpretation of Wittgenstein’ private language argument, we argue that any personal changing requires the mediation of political rules, under criteria, even though these rules are lastly abnormal rules.
Following Cavell’s use of the Ibsen theater piece, A Doll’s House, we also illustrate our arguments recurring to the same piece.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEssays on Values and Practical Rationality
Subtitle of host publicationEthical and Aesthetical Dimensions
EditorsAntónio Marques, João Sàágua
Place of PublicationBern
PublisherPeter Lang
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-0343-3152-4
ISBN (Print)978-3-0343-3058-9
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018


  • private experience
  • abnormal rules
  • criteria
  • miracle of changing;
  • rules


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