Rotation of the external genitalia in male Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae) in laboratory conditions and in captured specimens in Algarve, Portugal

J. Ferrolho, C. Maia, J. Gomes, C. Alves-Pires, J. M. Cristóvão, L. Campino, M. O. Afonso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Protozoal parasites are the causative agents of many insect-borne infectious diseases worldwide with impact on human and animal health. Leishmaniasis is caused by Leishmania spp. and transmitted by female Phlebotomine sand flies. In Portugal, two species of Phlebotomus (Larroussius), namely Phlebotomus perniciosus and Phlebotomus ariasi are the proven vectors of Leishmania infantum. Phlebotomine females and males rest and breed in the same sites; and these locations can be predicted according to the male external genitalia maturation. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the timing of complete rotation of the male external genitalia in laboratory conditions and to characterize the external genitalia rotation in field captured males to predict the male and female sand fly breeding and resting sites. This knowledge can be applied in the design and implementation of integrated sand fly control strategies targeting these sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-3
Number of pages3
JournalActa Tropica
Volume150
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2015

Keywords

  • Breeding sites
  • Male external genitalia rotation
  • Phlebotomine sand flies
  • Phlebotomus spp
  • Portugal
  • Sergentomyia minuta

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