The Ross procedure has been used in children and young adults for aortic valve replacement and the correction of complex obstruction syndromes of the left ventricular outflow tract. We report the mid-term results of the Ross procedure in a single institution and performed by the same surgical team. Population: Between March 1999 and December 2005, 18 patients were operated on using the Ross procedure. The mean age at the time of surgery was 12 years, being 12 patients male (67%). The primary indication for surgery was isolated aortic valve disease, being the predominant abnormality in 58% of cases aortic regurgitation and in 42% left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Associated lesions included sub-aortic membrane in 3 patients (16%), small VSD in 2 patients (11%), bicuspid aortic valve in 4 patients (22%) and severe left ventricular dysfunction and mitral valve regurgitation in 1 patient (6%). Ten of the 18 patients (56%) had been submitted to previous surgical procedures or percutaneous interventions. Results: Early post-operative mortality was not seen, but two patients (11%), had late deaths, one due to endocarditis, a year after the Ross procedure, and the other due to dilated cardiomiopathy and mitral regurgitation. The shortest time of follow-up is 6 months and the longest 72 months (median 38 months). Of the 16 survivors, 14 patients are in class I of the NYHA and 2 in class II, without significant residual lesions or need for re-intervention. The 12 patients with more than a year of follow up revealed normal coronary perfusion in all patients and no segmental wall motion abnormalities. Nevertheless, two of the 12 patients developed residual dynamic obstruction of LVOT and in three patients aortic regurgitation of a mild to moderate degree was evident. Significant gradients were not verified in the RVOT. Conclusions: The Ross procedure, despite its complexity, can be undertaken with excellent immediate results. Aspects such as the dilation of the neo aortic root and homograft evolution can not be considered in a study of this nature, seeing that the mean follow up time does not exceed 5 years.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Ross procedure: mid term results].|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Revista portuguesa de cirurgia cardio-torácica e vascular : órgão oficial da Sociedade Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-Torácica e Vascular|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2005|