Role of Src Homology Domain Binding in Signaling Complexes Assembled by the Murid gamma-Herpesvirus M2 Protein

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gamma-Herpesviruses express proteins that modulate B lymphocyte signaling to achieve persistent latent infections. One such protein is the M2 latency-associated protein encoded by the murid herpesvirus-4. M2 has two closely spaced tyrosine residues, Tyr(120) and Tyr(129), which are phosphorylated by Src family tyrosine kinases. Here we used mass spectrometry to identify the binding partners of tyrosine-phosphorylated M2. Each M2 phosphomotif is shown to bind directly and selectively to SH2-containing signaling molecules. Specifically, Src family kinases, NCK1 and Vav1, bound to the Tyr(P)(120) site, PLC gamma 2 and the SHP2 phosphatase bound to the Tyr(P)(129) motif, and the p85 alpha subunit of PI3K associated with either motif. Consistent with these data, we show that M2 coordinates the formation of multiprotein complexes with these proteins. The effect of those interactions is functionally bivalent, because it can result in either the phosphorylation of a subset of binding proteins (Vav1 and PLC gamma 2) or in the inactivation of downstream targets (AKT). Finally, we show that translocation to the plasma membrane and subsequent M2 tyrosine phosphorylation relies on the integrity of a C-terminal proline-rich SH3 binding region of M2 and its interaction with Src family kinases. Unlike other gamma-herpesviruses, that encode transmembrane proteins that mimic the activation of ITAMs, murid herpesvirus-4 perturbs B cell signaling using a cytoplasmic/membrane shuttling factor that nucleates the assembly of signaling complexes using a bilayered mechanism of phosphotyrosine and proline-rich anchoring motifs.
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)3858-3870
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

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