In this work we present a study of influence of ion bombardment on the optical, electrical and compositional properties of the intrinsic amorphous silicon films deposited in a modified triode plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition (PECVD) reactor. The application of a DC voltage to a grid placed in front of the r.f. electrode allowed us to control the energy and polarity of the ions striking the substrate during film growth. The results show a variation by two orders of magnitude in the dark conductivity from 10-10 to 6.2 × 10-12 (Ω cm)-1, while the photosensitivity varied from 2 × 105 to 2 × 107. A process plasma that takes place in the γ-type regime was associated with the use of a negative bias, while a process plasma like the one of the α-type regime was associated with the use of a positive bias. The films deposited with a bias ≈ 38 V are highly intrinsic and the abrupt change in the conductivity properties observed at this bias is attributed to a change in the density of the states ascribed to the position of the Fermi level. That is, a precise control of the energy of the ions striking the substrate during the film growth leads to improved film optoelectronic properties, very important for device applications.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|