Seven silicate rocks used as ornamental stones and having different surface finishing were submitted to salt fog atmospheres in order to compare different susceptibilities to alteration. Polished, honed, hammered and flamed finishing types were tested. Rocks come from Portugal, Brazil and Angola and are widely commercialized. Samples covered quartz rich rocks, silica saturated and undersaturated rocks, mono and plurimineralic rocks, coarse and fine grained rocks. Mineral composition, texture and open porosity showed to be important parameters which determine mass loss among samples, but the finishing type was very effective within samples. Mass loss and porosity increase are higher on hammered samples, contrasted with the lowest loss values on polished samples. The effect of surface hydrophobicity and roughness on the samples having polished finishing was also analysed by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and water contact angle (WCA), indicating that texture and mineral diversity influence the hydrophobic character of the rock surfaces.
|Title of host publication||Key Engineering Materials|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2013|
|Event||Global Stone Congress - |
Duration: 1 Jan 2012 → …
|Conference||Global Stone Congress|
|Period||1/01/12 → …|