Rheological properties of lyotropic solutions of acetoxypropylcellulose in dimethylacetamide. A comparision with the thermotropic case

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Abstract

The rheological properties of a thermotropic acetoxypropylcellulose (APC) were already described in previous works. In this work we present the rheological properties, viscosity, η, and first normal stress difference, N1, of lyotropic solutions of APC in dimethylacetamide (DMAc). The flow curve of the lyotropic solution presents the typical behavior for this type of system (Onogi and Asada Curve) however, contrary to what happens with that other lyotropic system, the APC/DMAc system presents a continuous increase of N1 in function of the shear rate, which we attribute to the fact that APC has higher flexibility than the other liquid crystalline polymers studied so far - namely hydroxypropylcellulose and poly-benzyl-L-glutamate - that present a negative N1 region, as well as a low molecular weight. We will also present some remarks concerning rheo-optical studies preformed with APC/DMAc, by comparison with previous studies on thermotropic APC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-105
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals
Volume404
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • First normal stress difference
  • Lyotropic solutions
  • Thermotropic systems
  • Viscosity

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