Revitalización sindical y nuevo sindicalismo en el capitalismo de plataformas: una comparación de los casos de España y Portugal en el sector del reparto digital

Translated title of the contribution: Union revitalization and new unionism in platform capitalism: a comparison of the Spanish and Portuguese cases in the field of delivery platforms

Pablo Sanz de Miguel, Juan Arasanz, António Moniz, N Boavida

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Abstract

La irrupción de la economía de plataformas constituye el modelo más reciente de prácticas de externalización y flexibilización de la organización de la producción, apoyadas en el desarrollo de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación. La difusión de este modelo de negocio ha ahondado en la expansión de diferentes figuras laborales precarias, siendo la figura del falso autónomo la más característica. El modelo de negocio basado en las plataformas digitales tiene también el efecto de limitar la capacidad sindical para representar y defender a los trabajadores, impidiendo o limitando, por ejemplo, el recurso a la negociación colectiva. El presente artículo compara las estrategias de revitalización sindical desplegadas en España y Portugal en el sector del reparto digital de comida a domicilio (rider) por sindicatos tradicionales, y asociaciones de repartidores y trabajadores precarios. El artículo muestra cómo en ambos países, los sindicatos han compatibilizado estrategias de organización y movilización con acciones encaminadas a influir en la esfera política y regulatoria. No obstante, se evidencia una mayor experimentación de prácticas en el caso español, así como un mayor impacto e influencia de sus estrategias en términos políticos. El artículo también revela importantes diferencias entre ambos países respecto a la relación entre los sindicatos tradicionales y las asociaciones de repartidores.

The emergence of the platform economy is the most recent model of outsourcing practices and the flexibilization of the organisation of production supported by the development of information and communication technologies. The spread of this business model has led to the expansion of different precarious forms of employment, the most common being the bogus self-employed. The business model based on digital platforms also has the effect of limiting the capacity of trade unions to represent and defend workers, preventing or limiting, for example, resource to collective bargaining. This article compares the trade union revitalisation strategies deployed in Spain and Portugal in the rider sector by traditional trade unions and associations of delivery workers and precarious workers. The article shows how, in both countries, unions have combined organising and mobilisation strategies with actions aimed at influencing political and regulatory expectations. However, there is evidence of a greater experimentation of practices in the Spanish case, as well as a greater impact and influence of their strategies in political terms. The article also reveals important differences between the two countries regarding the relationship between traditional trade unions and delivery workers' associations.

The emergence of the platform economy is the most recent model of outsourcing practices and the flexibilization of the organisation of production supported by the development of information and communication technologies. The spread of this business model has led to the expansion of different precarious forms of employment, the most common being the bogus self-employed. The business model based on digital platforms also has the effect of limiting the capacity of trade unions to represent and defend workers, preventing or limiting, for example, resource to collective bargaining. This article compares the trade union revitalisation strategies deployed in Spain and Portugal in the rider sector by traditional trade unions and associations of delivery workers and precarious workers. The article shows how, in both countries, unions have combined organising and mobilisation strategies with actions aimed at influencing political and regulatory expectations. However, there is evidence of a greater experimentation of practices in the Spanish case, as well as a greater impact and influence of their strategies in political terms. The article also reveals important differences between the two countries regarding the relationship between traditional trade unions and delivery workers’ associations.
Translated title of the contributionUnion revitalization and new unionism in platform capitalism: a comparison of the Spanish and Portuguese cases in the field of delivery platforms
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)53-79
Number of pages27
JournalEmpiria
Issue number59
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • Trade unions' strategies
  • Food delivery
  • Platform work
  • Estrategias sindicales
  • Trabajo en plataformas
  • Reparto digital de comida
  • España

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