Revision of the Late Jurassic teleosaurid genus Machimosaurus (Crocodylomorpha, Thalattosuchia)

Mark T. Young, Stéphane Hua, Lorna Steel, Davide Foffa, Stephen L. Brusatte, Silvan Thüring, Octávio Mateus, José Ignacio Ruiz-Omeñaca, Philipe Havlik, Yves Lepage, Marco Brandalise De Andrade

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64 Citations (Scopus)


Machimosaurus was a large-bodied genus of teleosaurid crocodylomorph, considered to have been durophagous/chelonivorous, and which frequented coastal marine/estuarine ecosystems during the Late Jurassic. Here, we revise the genus based on previously described specimens and revise the species within this genus. We conclude that there were three European Machimosaurus species and another taxon in Ethiopia. This conclusion is based on numerous lines of evidence: craniomandibular, dental and postcranial morphologies; differences in estimated total body length; geological age; geographical distribution; and hypothetical lifestyle. We re-diagnose the type species Machimosaurus hugii and limit referred specimens to only those from Upper KimmeridgiantextendashLower Tithonian of Switzerland, Portugal and Spain. We also re-diagnose Machimosaurus mosae, demonstrate that it is an available name and restrict the species to the uppermost Kimmeridgiantextendashlowermost Tithonian of northeastern France. We re-diagnose and validate the species Machimosaurus nowackianus from Harrar, Ethiopia. Finally, we establish a new species, Machimosaurus buffetauti, for the Lower Kimmeridgian specimens of France and Germany (and possibly England and Poland). We hypothesize that Machimosaurus may have been analogous to the PliocenetextendashHolocene genus Crocodylus in having one large-bodied taxon suited to traversing marine barriers and additional, geographically limited taxa across its range.
Original languageEnglish
Article number140222
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014


  • Africa
  • Europe
  • Kimmeridgian
  • Machimosaurus
  • Teleosauridae
  • Tithonian


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