Residual determination and acute toxicity of the neonicotinoid clothianidin in the neotropical stingless bee Tetragonisca angustula Latreille, 1811 (Apidae: Meliponini)

Gabriela Fernandes Biscassi, Waléria Ferreira Rabêlo, Rafael Sardeli, Gabriela Reani Rodrigues Garcia, Janete Brigante, Michiel Adriaan Daam, Álvaro José dos Santos Neto, Dayana Moscardi dos Santos, Eny Maria Vieira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Bees play a crucial role as natural pollinators, ensuring the maintenance and stability of the world's biodiversity and agricultural crops. Native bees in neotropical regions belong to the Meliponini tribe, a larger group that differs significantly in behavior and biology from honeybees (e.g., Apis mellifera) and solitary bees (e.g., Osmia spp.). Hence, the exposure and effects of pesticides is also likely to vary among these different species. The aim of this study was to develop an analytical method to determine the presence of the neonicotinoid clothianidin in the Brazilian native stingless bee Tetragonisca angustula (local common name: Jataí). The method used for the chemical analysis involved a QuEChERS technique combined with UHPLC-MS/MS analysis. The developed method was subsequently used to analyze collected field samples. In addition, the acute toxicity of the pesticide to T. angustula was evaluated in a laboratory bioassay evaluating both lethal and sublethal endpoints. The analytical method was successfully developed with detection and quantification limits of 1.55 and 5 μg L−1, respectively, along with a linear range of 1–5 ng mL−1. Clothianidin was detected in environmental samples (9.2–32.9 ng g−1), and the exposure experiments demonstrated acute oral toxicity to adults of T. angustula, (24 h-LD50 of 0.16 ng a.i./bee), as well as no significative interference in acetylcholinesterase activity. Considering the obtained toxicity endpoints for T. angustula and those reported in the literature for other bee species, this study revealed that T. angustula is more (lethally) sensitive to clothianidin than other bee species, including those commonly used in environmental risk assessment studies. This thus also supports the call for using native test species in (regional) risk assessment evaluations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number140878
Number of pages8
JournalChemosphere
Volume349
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Chromatography
  • Neonicotinoids
  • Oral toxicity
  • QuEChERS
  • Stingless bees

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Residual determination and acute toxicity of the neonicotinoid clothianidin in the neotropical stingless bee Tetragonisca angustula Latreille, 1811 (Apidae: Meliponini)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this