The pH dependency of the removal of Cu, Zn and Pb by electrodialytic soil remediation from different industrially polluted soils was examined. From 18 experiments performed with five different soils, it was found that the order of mobilization due to a pH decrease was Zn > Cu > Pb . It was found, too, that each of the elements was removed at higher soil pH in calcareous soils (about 12% carbonates) than in soils with a carbonate content of less than 3.7%. In soils rich in carbonates, precipitation of heavy metal carbonates is an important retention mechanism and the heavy metal carbonates are dissolved at higher pH values than the pH at which heavy metals are desorbed in non-calcareous soils. Thus, the relation between the soil pH and the mobility of the heavy metal in the electric field is not only dependent on the heavy metal in focus, but also on the fraction of the heavy metal precipitated as carbonates.
- Electrodialytic soil remediation
- Heavy metals
- Soil pH