Relative timing of transcurrent displacements in northern Gondwana: U-Pb laser ablation ICP-MS zircon and monazite geochronology of gneisses and sheared granites from the western Iberian Massif (Portugal)

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Abstract

The Variscan belt of Western and Central Europe was formed by the oblique subduction of the Rheic Ocean and the collision of Laurussia with Gondwana during the Lite Palaeozoic. We present field relationships and new U-Pb LA-ICP-MS zircon and monazite ages for Variscan gneisses and granites from a key section of the western Iberian Massif The Martinchel section records the interplay of two kilometre-scale Variscan transcurrent shear zones active in the Gondwana basement of Pangaea the Porto-Tomar fault zone (PTFZ) and the Coimbra-Cordoba shear zone (CCSZ) Different kinematic models have been invoked to explain the formation and evolution of these major Variscan structures mainly based oil assumptions made in the absence of reliable radiometric ages We show that: (11) ductile deformation and metamorphism were active in the CCSZ during the Visean-Serpukhovian (c 335-318 Ma) and created conditions for amphibolite facies metamorphism and coeval emplacement of granites: and (2) later ductile-brittle deformation related to dextral movements along the PTFZ overprinted the earlier foliation and folds derived from the CCSZ deformation. and deformed the previously intruded granites U-Pb dating of zircon and monazites yield c 335 Ma ages for the ductile deformation developed under amphibolite facies inetamorphic conditions in the Martinchel gneisses of the CCSZ. The gneisses were intruded by gianites at c 335-318 Ma, and both were later deformed under ductile-brittle conditions by dextral motion on the PTFZ. The geometry of the Martinchel gneisses (typical of the CCSZ) changed from one of thrusting to one of normal faulting by refolding of the early foliation, stretching lineation and asymmetric structures related to the later PTFZ dextral shear episode. This pattern of interference is not fully considered in previous models and may lead to incorrect tectonic interpretations According to Our data and recently Published ages, We Suggest that the PTFZ was active after the Serpulkhovian-Kasimovian since the c 318-308 Ma granites are deformed by north-south (170 degrees) dextral shear planes These data are critical to the interpretation of large-scale Carboniferous transcurrent displacements in northern Gondwana (Iberian Massif). and bear upon global models of crustal deformation that emphasize the importance of long-lived dextral movements during the collision between northern Gondwana and Laurussia following the closure of the Rheic Ocean (C) 2009 International Association for Gondwana Research Published by Elsevier B V All rights reserved
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)461-481
JournalGondwana Research
Volume17
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010

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