Relationship of left ventricular global longitudinal strain with cardiac autonomic denervation as assessed by 123 I-mIBG scintigraphy in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction submitted to cardiac resynchronization therapy: Assessment of cardiac autonomic denervation by GLS in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction submitted to CRT

Madalena Coutinho Cruz, Ana Abreu, Guilherme Portugal, Helena Santa-Clara, Pedro S. Cunha, Mario M. Oliveira, Vanessa Santos, Luís Oliveira, Pedro Rio, Inês Rodrigues, Luís A. Morais, Rui C. Ferreira, Miguel M. Carmo

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Heart failure (HF) is associated with cardiac autonomic denervation (AD), which can be non-invasively assessed by 123 I-metaiodobenzylguanidine ( 123 I-mIBG) scintigraphy and has prognostic implications. We aimed to study the relationship between myocardial contractility assessed by global longitudinal strain (GLS) and AD assessed by 123 I-mIBG scintigraphy in advanced HF. Methods/Results: BETTER-HF is a prospective randomized clinical trial including HF patients (pts) submitted to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) who are submitted to a clinical, echocardiographic, and scintigraphic assessment before and 6 months after CRT. 81 pts were included. An echocardiographic response (absolute increase in left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 10%) was observed in 73.7% of pts. A higher baseline late heart-to-mediastinum ratio (HMR) was associated with a better echocardiographic response. There was a significant association between late HMR and GLS at baseline and 6 months. At baseline, GLS had an AUC of 0.715 for discrimination for a late HMR < 1.6. A GLS cut-off of − 9% maximized the likelihood of correctly classifying a pt as having severe AD (HMR < 1.6). Conclusion: Myocardial contractility as assessed by GLS is moderately correlated with AD as assessed by 123 I-mIBG scintigraphy and has a good discrimination for the identification of severe cardiac denervation. GLS may allow for a more readily accessible estimation of the degree of AD in advanced HF pts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-879
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

Keywords

  • diagnostic and prognostic application
  • Heart failure
  • left ventricular function
  • mIBG imaging

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