Relational job characteristics and work engagement: Mediation by prosocial motivation

Filipa Castanheira, Maria José Chambel, Sílvia Lopes, Fernando Oliveira-Cruz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study tested the relation between perceived social impact, social worth, and work engagement in the military, and mediating effects of prosocial motivation. We tested hypotheses using structural equation modeling analysis in a field study with 322 officers and sergeants and 1,045 soldiers of the Portuguese Army. Results confirmed that perceived social impact and social worth were associated with work engagement. Furthermore, regardless of the rank category, perceived social impact was associated with higher prosocial motivation, which in turn was associated with higher work engagement. In the soldiers subsample, results further indicated that soldiers' perceived social worth was associated with higher prosocial motivation, which in turn was related to higher work engagement. The direct effects of perceived social impact and social worth on work engagement, and the mediating role of prosocial motivation supported the hypothesis that perceptions of social impact and social worth may strengthen the motives to "do good" (prosocial motivation), leading to an upward spiral that cultivates work engagement among members of the military.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)226-240
Number of pages15
JournalMilitary Psychology
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016

Keywords

  • Prosocial motivation
  • Relational job design
  • Work engagement

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