Regional diastolic function in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a tissue Doppler echocardiographic study.

N. Cardim, S. Longo, T. Pereira, T. Ferreira, A. Pereira, A. Ramos, M. Rodrigues, M. Correia

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) is a recent ultrasonic technique. One of its potential clinical uses is the assessment of regional diastolic function. OBJECTIVES: To compare left ventricular global diastolic function with interventricular septum regional diastolic function in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with different levels of global diastolic dysfunction. METHODOLOGY: 10 normal subjects (group 1), eight hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with abnormal relaxation (group 2) and 12 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with restrictive pattern (group 3) on the mitral inflow profile (pulsed wave Doppler) were studied. Each patient performed an M-mode color; TDE of the basal septum in the four chamber view. Velocities during the rapid filling phase (RF), and during atrial contraction (AC) were measured and RF/AC ratio calculated in each patient. RESULTS: While in normal subjects (group 1) the RF/AC ratio was always higher than 1, in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with different levels of global diastolic dysfunction (groups 2 and 3), the RF/AC ratio was always lower than 1 (velocities during atrial contraction always higher than during rapid filling), despite the level of global diastolic dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: A ratio between myocardial velocities during the rapid filling phase and during atrial contraction lower than one (RF/AC < 1) is a tissue Doppler echocardiography index of regional diastolic dysfunction, independently of the severity of global diastolic dysfunction.

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