Reforming the International Criminal Court (ICC): Progress, Perils and Pitfalls Post the ICC Review

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The International Criminal Court is a very controversial institution. It is extensively criticised by both its critics and its supporters. This article examines what steps have been taken to reform the Court. It considers issues such as the need for bet-ter communications and messaging by the Court. The paper takes up how and why the Court needs to engage better and in more far-reaching ways with a host of role players that affect the terrain in which the Court operates. It is argued that more reform is needed in how the Court is lead, how it operates, and who the judges and staff are. It is argued that greater diversity is needed at the Court. Also taken up are how the reach of the Court can be increased beyond only prosecutions, how the Court can assist states to prosecute more cases themselves, and how the Court can become more victim centred. A core theme is how state cooperation can be enhanced. A range of suggestions are made so as to enhance the role of the Court in the years to come.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-42
JournalInternational and Comparative Law Review
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • International Criminal Court
  • United Nations Security Council
  • Crime of Aggression
  • ICC Review Process
  • Deterrence
  • Impunity
  • Human Rights Violations
  • Reforms
  • Criticisms
  • International Criminal Justice


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