Rediscovering Civil Society? Renewal and Continuity in the Portuguese Radical Left

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20 Citations (Scopus)


The importance of party organisational models to party-civil-society relations has been substantially overlooked in the scholarly literature. Drawing on the Portuguese case, this study examines to what extent radical left parties have established different links with civil society, namely by allying with social movements and trade unions. Our findings confirm that party organisational models significantly shape the relationship between the radical left and civil society. However, external challenges and internal pressures increase the influence of party leadership in determining linkage strategies. Finally, the impact of the recent economic and financial crisis has been limited, especially in terms of programmatic and organisational renewal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-39
Number of pages19
JournalSouth European Society And Politics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2013


  • Civil Society
  • Left Bloc
  • Party Linkages
  • Portugal
  • Portuguese Communist Party
  • Radical Left


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