Redesign of the trajectory within a complex intersection for visible light communication ready connected cars

M. A. Vieira, M. Vieira, Paula Louro, Pedro Vieira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

To serve the changing needs of road traffic control, the road space and road structure surrounding an intersection have evolved into complex forms. The redesign of the trajectories, though complex, can be accomplished by the application of methods for navigation, guidance, and combination of expert knowledge of road traffic control of vehicles, using a concept of request/response in a two-way-to-way traffic light-controlled crossroad. The communication between the infrastructures and the vehicles (I2V), between vehicles (V2V), and from the vehicles to the infrastructures (V2I) is performed through visible light communication (VLC) using the street lamps and the traffic signaling to broadcast the information. Vehicle headlamps and taillights are used to transmit data to other vehicles or infrastructures allowing digital safety and data privacy. Data are encoded, modulated, and converted into light signals emitted by the transmitters. Tetra-chromatic white sources are used providing a different data channel for each chip. As receivers and decoders, silicon/carbon wavelength division multiplexer devices, with light filtering properties, are used. The primary objective is to control the arrival of vehicles to an intersection and schedule them to cross at times that minimize delays. A further objective is to allocate delays between left-turns and forward movements, moderating the speed and slot between vehicles traveling in these directions, maintaining a safe distance from one to another. Pedestrians and bicycles are incorporated. A I2V2V2I traffic scenario is established. A phasing traffic flow is developed as a proof of concept. The experimental results confirm the cooperative VLC architecture showing that communication between connected cars is optimized.

Original languageEnglish
Article number097104
JournalOptical Engineering
Volume59
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • light fidelity
  • OOK modulation scheme
  • SiC photodetectors
  • traffic control
  • vehicular communication
  • visible light communication
  • white LEDs

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