Reasons behind the relative abundances of heptacoordinate complexes along the late first-row transition metal series

Martín Regueiro-Figueroa, Luís M P Lima, Víctor Blanco, David Esteban-Gómez, Andrés De Blas, Teresa Rodríguez-Blas, Rita Delgado, Carlos Platas-Iglesias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


A series of transition metal complexes [ML1] (H2L1 = 1,4,10-trioxa-7,13-diazacyclopentadecane-N,N′-diacetic acid, M = Co, Ni, Cu, or Zn) have been prepared and characterized. The X-ray structures of the [CoL1] and [CuL1] complexes reveal that the metal ions are seven-coordinated with a distorted pentagonal bipyramidal coordination. The five donor atoms of the macrocycle define the pentagonal plane of the bipyramid, while two oxygen atoms of the carboxylate groups coordinate apically. The [NiL1] complex presents a very distorted structure with long Ni-O distances involving two oxygen atoms of the crown moiety [2.544(3) Å]. This distortion is related to the Jahn-Teller effect that is expected to operate in d8 pentagonal bipyramidal complexes. The spectroscopic characterization of the [ZnL1] and [CuL1] complexes using NMR and EPR and the theoretical calculation of the 13C NMR shifts and g- and A-tensors using DFT confirm that these complexes retain the pentagonal bipyramidal coordination in aqueous solution. The stability trend of the [ML1] complexes (Co2+ > Ni2+ <Cu2+ > Zn2+), which is in contradiction with the Irving-Williams order, has been analyzed using DFT calculations (TPSSh functional). The free energy values calculated in the gas phase for [CoL1](g) + [M(H2O)6]2+(g) → [ML1](g) + [Co(H2O)6]2+(g) (M = Ni, Cu, Zn) reproduce fairly well the stability trend observed experimentally, the agreement being improved significantly upon inclusion of solvent effects. Our results indicate that the pentagonal bipyramidal coordination is particularly unfavorable for Ni2+, and thus preorganized ligands that favor this geometry such as L1 are selective for Co2+ over Ni2+ cations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12859-12869
Number of pages11
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2014


Dive into the research topics of 'Reasons behind the relative abundances of heptacoordinate complexes along the late first-row transition metal series'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this