Reality and literature: Chilean military dictatorship, forclusion of expectation horizons, and half-open doors

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In this article, I intend to reflect on the relationship between anthropology, history and literature and their role in the reading of social processes, from (1) an approach of two novels - Germán Marín's El Palacio de la Risa (2014), and Roberto Bolaño's Nocturno de Chile (2000); (2) of the fieldwork notes of a visit to a place of clandestine detention, torture and extermination of the Chilean dictatorship (1973-1990); (3) the cinema of Patricio Guzmán, Carmen Castillo e Pablo Salas. Using the conceptual framework of Daniel Bensaïd, I explore the boundaries of the foreclosure in the horizon of expectations. I question the aftermath of a weakening connection with the spaces of experience and its possible effects in critical reasoning. Between fiction and reality, I question the link between the imagined, the imaginary and the reality, and I intent to explore the relationship with the painful pasts, the role of fear and its surpassing through the powerful mechanisms of collective memory in Chile.
Original languageEnglish
Article number0202
Pages (from-to)1-40
Number of pages40
JournalTempo e Argumento
Issue number29
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Anthropology
  • History
  • Literature
  • Foreclosure
  • Chile

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