Real-world effectiveness of palbociclib plus fulvestrant in advanced breast cancer: Results from a population-based cohort study

Fábio Cardoso Borges, Filipa Alves da Costa, Adriana Ramos, Catarina Ramos, Catarina Bernardo, Cláudia Brito, Alexandra Mayer-da-Silva, Cláudia Furtado, Arlindo R. Ferreira, Diogo Martins-Branco, Ana Miranda, António Lourenço

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Background: Real-world (RW) data may provide valuable information on the effectiveness and safety of medicines, which is particularly relevant for clinicians, patients and third-party payers. Evidence on the effectiveness of palbociclib plus fulvestrant is scarce, which highlights the need of additional studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of palbociclib plus fulvestrant in advanced breast cancer (ABC). Materials and methods: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study and cases of interest were identified through the Portuguese National Cancer Registry database and additional data sources. Patients aged≥18 years, diagnosed with ABC and exposed to palbociclib plus fulvestrant between May 31, 2017 and March 31, 2019 were included. Patients were followed-up until death or cut-off date (February 28, 2021). Primary outcome was rw-progression-free survival (rwPFS). Secondary outcomes were rw-overall survival (rwOS), rw-time to palbociclib failure (rwTPF) and rw-time to next treatment (rwTTNT). Results: A total of 210 patients were included. Median age was 58 years (range 29–83) and 99.05% were female. Median follow-up time was 23.22 months and, at cut-off date, treatment had been discontinued in 189 patients, mainly due to disease progression (n = 152). Median rwPFS was 7.43 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 6.28–9.05) and 2-year rwPFS was 16.65% (95%CI 11.97–22.00). Median rwOS was 24.70 months (95%CI 21.58–29.27), median rwTPF was 7.5 months (95%CI 6.51–9.08) and median rwTTNT was 11.74 months (95%CI 10.33–14.08). Conclusion: Palbociclib plus fulvestrant seems an effective treatment for ABC in real-world context. Compared to registrations studies, rwPFS and rwOS were shorter in real-life setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-143
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • Advanced breast cancer
  • Cancer registries
  • Effectiveness
  • Fulvestrant
  • Palbociclib
  • Real-world data


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