Readdressing the genetic diversity and taxonomy of the Mesoniviridae family, as well as its relationships with other nidoviruses and putative mesonivirus-like viral sequences

Paulo Morais, Nídia S Trovão, Ana B Abecasis, Ricardo Parreira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Research on the recently established Mesoniviridae family (Order Nidovirales), RNA genome insect-specific viruses, has been steadily growing in the last decade. However, after the last detailed phylogenetic characterization of mesoniviruses in 2014, numerous new sequences, even in organisms other than mosquitos, have been identified and characterized. In this study, we analyzed nucleotide and protein sequences of mesoniviruses with a wide range of molecular tools including genetic distance, Shannon entropy, selective pressure analysis, polymorphism identification, principal coordinate analysis, likelihood mapping and phylodynamic reconstruction. We also sought to revaluate new mesoniviruses sequence positions within the family, proposing a taxonomic revision. The different sub-lineages of mosquito mesoniviruses sequences presented low sequence diversity and entropy, with incongruences to the existing taxonomy being found after an extensive phylogenetic characterization. High sequence discrepancy and differences in genome organization were found between mosquito mesoniviruses and other mesoniviruses, so their future classification, as other meso-like viruses that are found in other organisms, should be approached with caution. No evidence of frequent recombination was found, and mesonivirus genomes seem to evolve under strong purifying selection. Insufficient data by root-to-tip analysis did not yet allow for an adequate phylogeographic reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number198727
Pages (from-to)198727
JournalVirus research
Volume313
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Culicidae
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genome, Viral
  • Nidovirales/genetics
  • Phylogeny

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Readdressing the genetic diversity and taxonomy of the Mesoniviridae family, as well as its relationships with other nidoviruses and putative mesonivirus-like viral sequences'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this