Radiotherapy-customized head immobilization masks: from modeling and analysis to 3D printing

M. A. R. Loja, D. S. Craveiro, Lina Vieira, Eva Sousa, José Alberto Rodrigues, Ricardo J. F. Portal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Immobilization devices may be a valuable aid to ensure the improved effectiveness of radiotherapy treatments where constraining the movements of specific anatomical segments is crucial. This need is also present in other situations, specifically when the superposition of various medical images is required for fine identification and characterization of some pathologies. Because of their structural characteristics, existing head immobilization systems may be claustrophobic and very uncomfortable for patients, during both the modeling and usage stages. Because of this, it is important to minimize all the discomforts related to the mask to alleviate patients’ distress and to simultaneously guarantee and maximize the restraint effectiveness of the mask. In the present work, various head immobilization mask models are proposed based on geometrical information extracted from computerized tomography images and from 3D laser scanning point clouds. These models also consider the corresponding connection to a radiotherapy table, as this connection is easily altered to accommodate various manufacturers’ solutions. A set of materials used in the radiotherapy field is considered to allow the assessment of the stiffness and strength of the masks when submitted to typical loadings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number142
JournalNuclear Science and Techniques
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019


  • 3D laser scanning
  • 3D printing
  • Computed tomography
  • Geometric modeling
  • Head immobilization devices
  • Stiffness and strength analyses


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