Quantum interference effects in laser spectroscopy of muonic hydrogen, deuterium, and helium-3

Pedro Amaro, Beatrice Franke, Julian J. Krauth, Marc Diepold, Filippo Fratini, Laleh Safari, Jorge Machado, Aldo Antognini, Franz Kottmann, Paul Indelicato, Randolf Pohl, José Paulo Santos

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14 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Quantum interference between energetically close states is theoretically investigated, with the state structure being observed via laser spectroscopy. In this work, we focus on hyperfine states of selected hydrogenic muonic isotopes, and on how quantum interference affects the measured Lamb shift. The process of photon excitation and subsequent photon decay is implemented within the framework of nonrelativistic second-order perturbation theory. Due to its experimental interest, calculations are performed for muonic hydrogen, deuterium, and helium-3. We restrict our analysis to the case of photon scattering by incident linear polarized photons and the polarization of the scattered photons not being observed. We conclude that while quantum interference effects can be safely neglected in muonic hydrogen and helium-3, in the case of muonic deuterium there are resonances with close proximity, where quantum interference effects can induce shifts up to a few percent of the linewidth, assuming a pointlike detector. However, by taking into account the geometry of the setup used by the CREMA collaboration, this effect is reduced to less than 0.2% of the linewidth in all possible cases, which makes it irrelevant at the present level of accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022514
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume92
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • LAMB-SHIFT
  • NONRESONANT CORRECTIONS
  • 1S-2S TRANSITION
  • FREQUENCY
  • PROTON
  • IONS
  • LINE

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